Conservation of the three mosaics by Edvard Vigebo at Manglerud school in Oslo took place in 2016 and in colaboration with Skulpturkonservator Joanna Hench. The work included transport, cleaning of the mosaic’s surfaces, reconstruction of the missing and damaged areas, construction of a support frame, remounting, documentation and overview of stones used in a construction of the mosaics.
General information about the mosaics
The mosaics date from 1963 – 70 and are labelled according to the motive they depict. Therefore, starting from the left, their titles are: Peacock (Påfugl), Playing Children (Lekende barn) and Swans (Svaner). All three mosaics are made using direct mosaic method with the use of cement based tile adhesive and no grout. The base of the mosaics ‘Peacock’ and ‘Swans’ is fiberboard 0,5 cm thick, while for the Playing Children it is QBS board 1 cm thick. The mosaic surfaces are about 2 cm smaller on each side than the board. Only on the central mosaic the tile adhesive stretches to the edges of the board. Mosaics are mounted on the wall with up to 7 screws going through the boards and into the wall. Many different materials were used in constructing these mosaics: industrial glass tiles, ceramic tiles, ceramic, porcelain, seashells, various type of stone, brick, painted lead plates and minerals.
Conservation of the mosaics
The surfaces of all three mosaics were severely covered with dirt, but also stable. Due to the uneven surface and variety of the materials used, cleaning was done mechanically with scalpel, small brushes and controlled use of water. Missing parts were reconstructed.
Aluminium frames were made for mounting the mosaics on their original place. Each frame was custom made for it’s mosaic. Frames were used in order to stabilize the mosaics and for easier demounting in the future. They were placed in the original order, but due to the fact that the ceiling was lowered since the demounting of the mosaics, the metal sign with the artists name was removed to make space for the mosaics.
The sign was cleaned and placed on the right side of the mosaics instead of under the central one.